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Foot Anatomy and How It Relates to Common Issues

It’s easy to take your body for granted when everything is running smoothly. You probably don’t consider facts like blood travels 12,000 miles within your body in a single day and you generate roughly 25 million new cells every second. The body might be overlooked as a whole, but we’re inclined to think feet, in particular, don’t get their fair share of recognition. Let’s take a look at these complex structures and see how common foot problems can arise.

General Foot Anatomy

Important anatomical components to know when we discuss foot structure include bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Each foot and ankle possesses twenty-six (26) bones and over one hundred (100) muscles and connective tissues. In order to allow for mobility and endure the tremendous amount of forces placed upon them, feet have thirty-three (33) unique joints.

People have a general understanding of bone and muscle tissues but can get a little confused about the connective tissues. Basically, tendons anchor muscles to specific bones and ligaments are responsible for connecting bones to other bones.

In addition to the aforementioned structural components, there are also networks of nerves and blood vessels found underneath and within layers of skin that enable the appendages to feel physical sensations and receive the nourishment needed to sustain healthy tissue.

When we break down the foot anatomy, it can help to view it as three distinct areas – the forefoot, midfoot, and hindfoot.

The Forefoot

The front of the foot is comprised of the five toes and five long bones (metatarsals), which run lengthwise along the foot.

When it comes to toes, the structural foundation of these dependable digits are phalanges. There are fourteen (14) phalange bones in each foot —3 in each of the smaller toes and 2 in the big toe. The phalange bones closest to the foot are “proximal” ones and they connect to each respective metatarsal bone to form a joint known as the metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ).

Bunions, gout, ingrown nails, fungal toenails, and the toe deformities naturally happen in this region of the foot, since it contains the toes. Athlete’s foot and fungal nails often originate here because of the warm, damp environment found between the digits.

Midfoot

The midfoot builds up in a pyramid-like structure of bones—three cuneiform bones, the navicular bone and the cuboid bone—that form the foot arches.

Fallen arches and cavus foot (high arches) are structural abnormalities found in the midfoot. The Lisfranc joint complex essentially overlaps between the mid- and forefoot.

Hindfoot

The back part of the foot contains the ankle and heel. The heel bone (calcaneus) is the largest bone in the lower appendage, which is necessary for its function as the structural pillar for the human body. The heel bone is connected to the calf muscle by the Achilles tendon.

There are many joints found throughout the body, but two of the most important are found in the ankle, which is comprised of the talus bone and the lower leg bones (tibia and fibula). The ankle joint enables the foot to move up and down, and the subtalar joint enables it to move from side to side.

Heel pain is a particularly common reason for patients to come in and see us. The hindfoot supports the body and faces a tremendous amount of force and pressure.

Comprehensive Foot Care in Dallas, TX

Given the inherent complexity of feet, there are many issues that can—and do—arise. The good news is that help is not far away. Contact Dallas Podiatry Workswhen you are experiencing foot or ankle pain and we will provide the treatment you need. We have offices conveniently located in both Dallas and Plano, so call toll-free at (888) 716-5283 or schedule your appointment online.

RATED BEST DALLAS PODIATRIST FOR YOUR FOOT & ANKLE CARE NEEDS
"I did 3 EPAT treatments and it gave me tremendous relief from my plantar fasciitis. I highly recommend this for anyone who is dealing with PF. Also, the physical therapist Dr. Brook sent me too is fantastic. I am definitely on the mend and so glad I did EPAT."- All H. 5 star
"Dr Northcutt is a fantastic physician. My first surgery with him (although painful), went very well. A couple of issues (with his staff) needed to be corrected, I appreciated his calm and professional demeanor and he corrected those issues promptly. He sets the bar high (the mark of a great physician), and that is the key reason why I'm coming back to him to correct my other foot. I would highly recommend him."- She B. 5 star
"The staff at Dallas Podiatry Works could not have been more courteous, helpful, and professional in doing their job. They made me feel comfortable when I was there, which is certainly appreciated. They answered all the questions that I had and just made each visit the most pleasurable that it could be. I would highly recommend them to anyone needing this type of care."- Joseph B. 5 star
"My experience was a good one from pre-op to post -op. I saw the doctor right before my surgery.He explained the process to me and my husband. The recovery nurse was great. It was neither crowded or chaotic as some day surgery centers. My foot is doing well as I follow instructions. I look forward to my one week progress visit!"- Patricia T.5 star
"I had dealt with a painful foot problem for five months and had seen three different Doctors before seeing an article in D Magazine about Dr. Joel Brook. Dr. Brook took one look at my foot, explained the causes for my pain and set me up on a successful treatment plan. He is very knowledgeable, thorough and exhibits a caring attitude. I highly recommend him."- Ginger W. 5 star
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Join the 50,000 happy feet that have found relief at Dallas Podiatry Works! Our Dallas podiatrist provides 5-star-rated foot and ankle care. Our advanced foot care includes children's foot care, foot and ankle sports injuries, stem cell therapy, bunion treatment, toenail restoration, toenail fungus treatment, hammertoe treatment, claw toe treatment, neuroma treatment, heel pain relief, limb salvage, wound care, arthritis treatment, boutique foot services, corn removals, callus removals, wart removals and more.
Come experience Dallas Podiatry Works of Dallas, TX and Plano, TX! You will see for yourself that our podiatrists, foot doctors and foot specialists provide 5-star-rated foot and ankle care in Dallas TX, Plano TX, Frisco TX, McKinney TX, Richardson TX, Garland TX, Rockwall TX, Allen TX, Arlington TX and Fort Worth TX. Call 972.566.7474 today.
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