When you experience ball of foot pain, it is likely caused by one of two main conditions—either metatarsalgia or sesamoiditis. Metatarsalgia is a condition characterized by tenderness and pain along the ball of your foot. When dancers experience this ailment, it often results from laxity and instability in the joints of the smaller toes.
Sesamoiditis is a common ailment caused by an irritation of the sesamoid bones found within the tendons that connect to the big toe. This condition has a gradual onset and increases from a mild ache to an intense throbbing. Sesamoiditis often results from an increase in duration, frequency, or intensity of your activity.