Many problems can result in a swollen toe. Traumatic injuries, overuse problems, infections, and other underlying medical conditions can cause inflammation and edema, or fluid build-up in the tissues. The specific cause of your toe pain and swelling depends on your unique feet. Standing or sitting for extended periods of time can cause minor temporary edema. If you tripped or kicked something and developed the pain, you probably damaged important tissues. Swelling with joint discomfort might be arthritis.
If you’re concerned about toe pain, have your foot fully examined. Underlying injuries or medical issues will need to be addressed to alleviate the problem and restore your lower limbs. Ignoring the issue is more than uncomfortable—it may allow an injury or potential infection to get worse.